Sedan Chair


Sedan, also called Sedan Chair, portable, enclosed chair mounted on horizontally placed parallel poles and carried by men or animals. In Italy, France, and England, in the 17th and 18th centuries, sedans became highly luxurious and were often elaborately carved and upholstered and painted with mythological scenes or heraldic devices.

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sedan chair

Sedan chair - sedan chair stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images wwii soldiers - medic wounded and private triage - sedan chair stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images The cremation ceremony of a longdead Balinese queen in Denpasar capital of Bali province 26th August 1992. Sedan (n.) 1630s, 'covered chair on poles,' possibly from a southern Italian dialect derivative of Italian sede 'chair' (compare Italian seggietta, 1590s; the thing itself was said to have been introduced from Naples), from Latin sedes, related to sedere 'to sit,' from PIE root.sed-(1) 'to sit.' Since Johnson's conjecture, often derived from the town of Sedan. With their Sedan Chair, Lyndon Neri and Rossana Hu complete their product family with a lightweight, elegant and comfortable chair which can be used both at dining tables and as a visitor’s chair. As is the case with the Sedan Lounge Chair, the special attraction of the design is the contrast between the seat shell and frame: the seat shell. The annual Great Bath Sedan Chair race (1982-2006), although more for entertainment and fundraising purposes, was also another resurrection period for the sedan. With the ever increasing influx of students and workers in the city, and ever decreasing parking spaces, perhaps it’s time to reconsider resurrecting the sedan chair once more.

n
(Automotive Engineering) a closed chair for one passenger, carried on poles by two bearers. It was commonly used in the 17th and 18th centuries. Sometimes shortened to: sedan
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
Sedan

Sedan Chair

sedan′ chair`

Sedan chair definition
n.
an enclosed vehicle for one person, borne on poles by two bearers.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

sedan chair

Sedan Chair Images

- An enclosed chair carried on poles.
Farlex Trivia Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
Noun1.sedan chair - a closed litter for one passenger
litter - conveyance consisting of a chair or bed carried on two poles by bearers
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

Sedan Chair Pictures

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Sedan Chair Synonym

Filthy streets littered with mud, refuse and excrement were not only a health hazard in 16th and 17th century Europe, but also made travel difficult and impractical. Until the introduction of the sedan chair, that is.

In 1634 Sir Saunders Duncombe introduced the sedan chair for hire in London. They quickly became popular, being cheaper than a hackney cab and often the quickest form of transport in the city, as they could pass down streets too narrow for carriages.

Named after the town of Sedan in France where it was first used, the sedan chair consisted of a seat inside a cabin with a detachable roof, mounted on two poles and carried by two men known as ‘chairmen’, one at the front and one at the rear. The passenger would get in and out through a hinged door at the front of the chair. Not recommended for those who suffered with motion sickness, as sedan chairs swayed and bounced, especially when conveyed at speed through the streets!

Sedan chairs soon became popular amongst the gentry. Their use allowed the passenger to keep their shoes clean and the detachable roof allowed for the tall, elaborate headdresses sported by fashionable ladies. In spa towns like Bath they were particularly favoured by invalids, for whom travelling by sedan chair meant they could be transported directly from their bedchamber to the baths and then back again.

“Up and by coach with Sir W. Batten and Sir J. Minnes to White Hall, and, after we had done our usual business with the Duke, to my Lord Sandwich and by his desire to Sir W. Wheeler, who was brought down in a sedan chair from his chamber, being lame of the gout…” Samuel Pepys in his diary, 16th February 1663.

Sedan chairs were also popular in Edinburgh, particularly in the city’s Old Town where carriages were unable to navigate the narrow streets.

Sedan chair pictures

Plate 4, ‘A Rake’s Progress’, William Hogarth

Sedan chairs were allowed legally to travel on the pavement. It was expected that pedestrians would give way to them if they heard a warning shout of ‘Have a care!’ or ‘By your leave, sir!’, but this was often not the case, and so there were frequent accidents, chairs tipping over, etc.

Like taxi drivers nowadays, chairmen were licensed and sedan chair stations were set up from which passengers could hire a chair. Sedan chairs were available for hire around the clock, but after midnight the fare was doubled. After dark, the sedan chair would be accompanied by ‘link boys’ or torch bearers to light the way.

The wealthy would not use these stations but would send their footman out into the street to summon a chair by shouting, “Chair! Chair!”. The very wealthy might have their own chair, kept in the hall and often painted and decorated to reflect the decor of the house.

However, despite its advantages, the sedan chair began to fall out of favour. The rapid expansion of the cities and the distances involved meant that travelling by chair became impossible. The sedan chair became less and less fashionable, and by the mid 19th century had virtually disappeared from the streets.